Risks of hair transplantation
Hair transplantation is one of the surgical cosmetic procedures that men and women resort to get rid of the problem of baldness and hair loss, but the fear and anxiety of pain and complications makes us wonder about, what are the risks of hair transplant and how to get rid of them? What are the contraindications to hair transplantation? So we address in the next lines the answer to all questions in addition to the stages that go through during the process …
What is the process of hair transplant? And why do people resort to it?
It is normal for a person to lose 50 to 100 hairs per day in order to allow new hair to grow, but heavy hair loss usually occurs as a result of genetic or environmental factors or changes in hormones that causes some people to turn to hair transplant to obtain thick hair.
Hair transplantation means regrowing hair again in empty places or with mild hair, where the doctor transports a number of capillaries and is called (donor) to places with baldness and often the hair transferred from the side or back of the scalp.
It is used by both men who suffer from male baldness, women with light hair, or who have been injured or burns on the scalp, as well as people who have lost their hair as a result of taking medications.
How is the transplantation process undertaken?
Hair transplantation may consume several consecutive sessions if the area you wish to grow is large and is one of the risks of hair transplantation due to the successive surgical intervention on the scalp.
Stages of the process:
- The doctor initially cleans the entire scalp very carefully.
- Use local anesthesia to not feel any pain.
- Draw hair lines on the places to be grown,
- Extracting healthy hair (grafts) from the donor area, after it has been confirmed that they do not contain small follicles or follicles that can be damaged later.
- The follicles are placed in the hypothermusol fluid that gives them vitality and dynamism before planting them.
- Cleansing the places from which the hair was polarized and then dressed.
- The doctor then tends to open channels in places suffering from baldness or light hair to be the incubator of the follicles that have been extracted, which is one of the risks of hair transplantation because it makes the scalp soft.
- Finally, the transplant stage, based on targeting a specific part of the scalp and how much hair is required, as the distribution of follicles at the front of the head differs from the crown area.
What are the risks of hair transplantation?
Hair transplantation contains a common risk that is not immense in relation to other surgeries. Among the most important risks that you face during the operation are:
Hair loss thickness:
Often after the hair transplant process, you get thin hair that is lacking in its thickness and previously used strength, and it is one of the side effects of transplantation, which is nothing to worry about because it will return to its nature and strength after the new follicles acclimate and this takes months after the operation.
Inflammation and swelling:
It is possible that the wounds on the scalp may become red and swollen as they are considered traces of the surgery and go away with time, and this condition appears with the FUT method in which the doctor removes the entire skin strip from the scalp which results in the presence of swellings and infections.
Often the inflammation and swelling appear mild with the FUE method, in which the patient is advised to apply antiseptic and moisturizing creams to have the effects disappear in the shortest time.
One of the dangers of hair transplantation that worries many who are going to go through the process, and it happens within two weeks after the procedure, to reduce it you should not scratch the scalp, stay away from sports activities.
Donor areas or areas of cultivation in the scalp develop flaccid or weak nerves in what is known (numbness) and may be temporary in some cases while in other cases it is permanent, and it depends on the surgeon’s ability to deal with the scalp nerves while operating the surgical incisions.
Scarring depends on the success of the operation and how well your body responds to the transplanted hair. It also depends on the sensitivity of the skin, the method used to perform the operation, the doctor’s skill, and the surgeon’s intensity of implants.
Although it is rare, it is a risk of hair transplantation that faces those who wish to perform the operation, and to avoid it, the doctor prescribes antibiotics before and after the hair transplant is completed.
Most of the time the implanted grafts fail and fall off, so the doctor performs comprehensive checks on the patient’s scalp before the operation to ensure the quality of the implants that are implanted and their compatibility.
What are the contraindications to the hair transplant?
We must know the main cause of hair loss if due to a lack of nutrition or stress, it is best to first go to a dermatologist to take the necessary medications and nutritional supplements that restore the hair’s nature to its nature.
If you suffer from heavy hair loss, it is preferable not to perform the transplant because it does not allow sufficient supplies, and it exposes you to one of the dangers of hair transplantation, which is obtaining weak, unsuccessful grafts.
People with thinning hair because there is not enough room for cultivation, as this process leads to the risk of rejecting the scalp to extracted grafts or displacing adjacent hair.
People who have a narrow scalp preferably do not undergo hair transplantation because it is difficult to introduce grafts to the places to be grown, on the contrary, the risk of hair transplantation is less for those who have a loose or natural scalp.
Does hair transplantation cause cancer?
So far, no studies or research has proven the growth of any type of cancerous tumor inside the scalp caused by hair transplantation, but what has been proven is that there is no relationship or link between the growth of cancerous cells and the hair transplant process.
Numbness of the head after hair transplantation
It is one of the risks of hair transplantation that occurs to the patient after the completion of the operation, as the process results in weakness and flaccidity in the entire scalp, and it may remain for a week, and this is not a cause for concern at all.
How to avoid the risks of hair transplantation
You must follow the following instructions:
- Using anaesthesia on the scalp to avoid feeling pain from topical anaesthesia.
- Use moisturising antiseptic creams to reduce inflammation and swelling, after instructing the attending physician.After the hair transplant, you feel itchy on the scalp, away from severe itching, as it exposes you to get rid of the implanted follicles.
- Performing scans on the scalp as well as ensuring the strength of the polarised grafts to avoid their subsequent fall.
- Follow the doctor’s instructions for taking antibiotics to avoid infection.
- Avoid pursuing any sporting activity for at least five days.
- Avoid drinking any alcohol and avoid smoking.
- Check the doctor’s experience to avoid scarring or bleeding.